Black history is American history, however, observing Black History Month in February gives us a chance to be intentional about learning this particular topic.
While it’s wonderful to recognize the contributions of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks, there are many other connections we can make to the African American community. The following are some of our favorite Black History Month activities for the classroom that allow students to learn the history, discover the cultural impacts, and follow movements through to present day.
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1. Bring art and history together by recreating Civil Rights Freedom Movement posters.
The Civil Rights Movement Veterans site offers powerful examples of freedom movement posters, as does the Civil Rights Digital Library. Have your students get into groups and create their own to share.
2. Explore black history through primary sources from the National Archives.
There are literally thousands of resources to choose from, including this 1970s photo series of black Chicago.
3. Let artists inspire your Black History Month activities.
4. Learn about the Black Lives Matter movement.
5. Create a newsletter or magazine.
Have your students get creative by generating their own newsletter or literacy magazine to distribute to parents. Include poems and short stories by black authors, as well as student-generated writings and images that center on Black History month.
6. Recreate a black family’s journey using the Green Book.
The History Channel offers a wonderful introduction to this guide that helped black people travel safely during the mid 20th century.
7. Turn your classroom into a living museum.
Have your students choose a notable black figure they’d like to know more about, such as voting rights and women’s rights activist Fannie Lou Hamer, dancer Alvin Ailey, or Betty Reid Soskin, the oldest full-time national parks ranger. Then host a living museum right in your classroom. Students can dress up as the figure they chose and share what they learned through their research.
8. Learn about the life of the 44th president of the United States, Barack Obama.
9. Create your own virtual museum dedicated to remembering slavery and its legacy.
Thirteen.org offers some powerful student examples and a downloadable template you can use to try the activity in your classroom.
10. Honor some of the military’s most courageous veterans.
11. Read books with black characters in honor of the young hero Marley Dias.
Stepping is a form of dancing in which the body itself is used to create unique rhythms and sounds. The website Step Afrika! has videos and information about the history of stepping.
13. Virtually visit the illustrious Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in Harlem, New York.
The digital collections feature some amazing online exhibits, interviews, and podcasts. If you happen to be nearby, why not schedule a field trip too!
14. Witness the realities of slavery and reconciliation first hand at the nation’s first slavery museum, the Whitney Plantation.
The museum’s amazing online lesson plans teach students about what life was really like in antebellum America.
15. Visit the incredible Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture.
You can browse their amazing collection online by topic, date, or place.
16. Host a poetry reading.
Have students choose a poem or two by a black poet to learn and recite for the class or an audience made up of school community members. And don’t forget the ambiance! Choose a student to serve as the emcee, write up a program, dim the lights, and play some jazz in between performances. The Poetry Foundation has excellent resources that can help get you started.
17. Reimagine your geography lesson.
Did you know that between 1915 and 1970 millions of African Americans left the South and resettled in places like Detroit, Los Angeles, and New York? Or that after the Civil War many African Americans, known as Exodusters, made their way to the Great Plains? Pull out your map and teach your students about the whys, wheres, and hows African Americans moved about the country and how such demographic shifts shaped the United States we know today. You can also take an interactive trip on the Underground Railroad.
18. Hold court.
Your future legal eagles will enjoy learning about the key Supreme Court cases that helped African Americans secure rights, the events and efforts that sparked the cases, and the aftermath of those court decisions. Be sure to mention Thurgood Marshall, the first black Supreme Court justice and the lead lawyer in the Brown case, along the way.
19. Listen up.
20. The play’s the thing.
With his American Century Cycle, playwright August Wilson explored African American life during the 20th century. Use the resources centered on the ten plays that make up the cycle to unpack that rich history. Consider choosing one to present to the entire schoo
What Black History Month activities do you use in the classroom? Come share in our WeAreTeachers Chat group on Facebook.
And if you’re looking for more Black History month ideas, check out our free posters here.