Best Pumpkin Math Activities for Grades K–3

What’s round and orange and helps you teach math? Pumpkins!

Fall is in the air, and you know what that means: a trip to the pumpkin patch! Take advantage of this wonderful time of year to introduce these season-inspired, hands-on math activities. Explore the concepts of measurement, counting, operations, shapes, graphing, and more!

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1. Montessori Math with Pumpkins and Acorns

math counting game for young children using pumpkin cards and acorns

Source: Natural Beach Living

Go on a nature walk and collect acorns with your students. Then, click on the link above to download these free pumpkin counting cards. Let students practice matching the number on each card with the same amount of acorns.

2. How Many Seeds in a Pumpkin?

a pumpkin seed counting activity for young learners including colorful number mats, pumpkin seeds and a small pumpkin

Source: Mr. Elementary Math


This engaging lesson from Mr. Elementary Math starts with a read aloud of How Many Seeds in a Pumpkin? by Margaret McNamara as the perfect set up for an introduction to math concepts of estimation, skip counting, operations, and graphing.

And for more fun ideas using pumpkin seeds, check out 3 clever uses for pumpkin seeds in the classroom.

3. Pumpkin Geoboard

a small pumpkin with push pins stuck into it, with rubber bands stretched between the pins

Source: Fun-A-Day

Students love working with geoboards. Why not take advantage of the perfect work surface to let them explore shapes? All you need is a collection of firm pumpkins, pushpins, and rubber bands.

4. Runaway Pumpkins

game pieces and game board for Runaway Pumpkins game for young learners

Source: Math Geek Mama

Start this lesson with a read aloud of Sixteen Runaway Pumpkins by Dianne Ochiltree and follow along as Sam tries to stack 16 pumpkins in the wagon for his grandfather. Then print out this fun printable game to work on addition and subtraction as you try to stack your own pumpkins.

5. Pumpkin Pie Fractions

paper plates painted like pumpkins and divided into fractions

Source: Creative Family Fun

Paint a stack of paper plates so that they look like pumpkin pies. Divide each “pie” into a different number of “slices” and mark each piece with the proper fraction. Use the pieces as puzzles, have students find equal slices, or make a mixed fraction pie.

6. Measuring Pumpkins

a collage of pictures showing a young boy measuring a pumpkin

Source: Little Bins for Little Hands

This lesson begins, “Pumpkins really do make awesome tools for hands-on learning.” And do they ever with this lesson, which tackles the math skills of making predictions, circumference, measurement of height and weight, as well as data collection.

7. Decomposing Numbers with Pumpkin Seeds

a worksheet with numbers, a pumpkin and circles to place pumpkin seeds in

Source: Math Geek Mama

Understanding different ways to pull numbers apart and put them back together is important for building number sense and helps kids develop their own mental math strategies.

8. BIG Pumpkins

a young boy hugging a giant pumpkin in a pumpkin patch

Young boy raises a prize winning pumpkin for the State Fair.

Source: Education World

Word problems are always a tricky concept to teach and learn. This lesson uses pictures of record-setting pumpkins as the starting point for talking about how to create and solve word problems. It includes a worksheet that helps students pick out key words and get organized before solving.

9. One-to-One Correspondence

a numbered ice tray, a basket of pumpkin seeds and pair of tweezers

Source: MontessoriIdeas

Many young children have memorized the number words in the proper order but sometimes do not yet understand the concept of one-to-one correspondence. For example, they might say “one, two, three, four, five” but skip an object. Or, they count an object twice. These Montessori pumpkin activity trays can help your students practice their counting skills by using tweezers to count out pumpkin seeds as they fill up the tray.

10. Pumpkin Candy Counting

a math worksheet with candy pumpkins, dice and numbers

Source: iheartcraftythings

Ask parent volunteers to bring in bags of pumpkin candies, then download this free Pumpkin Candy Preschool Math Printable for students to practice their math skills on.

11. Pumpkin Stacking

a yellow foam number 8 and 8 candy pumpkins stacked onto of each other with yellow playdough

Source: Fun-A-Day

Your young students will love this hands-on activity using pumpkin candy, Play-Doh, and magnetic letters. First, have each student choose a magnetic number. Then have them count out the matching number of pumpkin candies. Finally, they will build a structure using the candies and Play-Doh.

12. Place Value Practice

popsicle sticks with pumpkin seeds balanced on them

Source: Rainy Day Mum

Place value can be a tricky concept. Give your students hands-on practice with this activity featuring pumpkin seeds and craft sticks. Check out the blog at the link above for subtraction and addition ideas as well.

13. Circumference and Estimation

a tiny pumpkin with three lengths of ribbon next to it and a sign saying Guess which ribbon will wrap around the pumpkin

Source: PreKinders

Bring in a selection of mini pumpkins. For each pumpkin, cut a ribbon that wraps all the way around, then cut one longer and one shorter. Children first guess which ribbon they think will fit around the pumpkin and then try each one to see whether it fits. Make a chart with the results.

14. Pumpkin Addition and Subtraction

an egg carton with tiny glass pumpkins inside

Source: School Time Snippets

All you need for this activity is a few egg cartons, dice, and candy or marble pumpkins. To play, students roll the dice, add the numbers together, ‘pick’ that many pumpkins from the ‘pumpkin patch’ (a pile of pumpkin candies), and fill in the cups and the lid of their egg carton. To make the game more challenging, use another die marked with plus and minus signs so they can practice addition and subtraction.

15. Pumpkin Number Line

a numberline worksheet with a sliding pumpkin attached

Source: Royal Baloo

Number lines are some students’ favorite way to make sense of addition and subtraction concepts. Download this free template to create a fun, easy sliding number line for your students to use.

16. Order of Operations

a worksheet with six pumpkins on it, each divided into a math sentence and the solution

Source: 123Homeschool4Me

Pumpkin math’s not just for little kids! These free puzzles help students practice a more sophisticated math skill, order of operations. Fit the pumpkins together by solving the problems in the proper order.

17-20. Mathwire Pumpkin Math Collection

This roundup of pumpkin math activities from Mathwire will keep your students learning while having a lot of fun! Click on the link for all of the ideas below and more.

Try the Pumpkin Jumble Game:

a printable worksheet for a pumpkin jumble game

Using the key on the template, students toss a die to create a jack-o’-lantern face from pattern blocks. The first person to complete their jack-o’-lantern wins the game. This fun game builds cooperative play skills as well as familiarity with geometric shapes.

Or the Pumpkin Farm Game

a printable worksheet for the pumpkin farm game

Just like the popular game Battleship, this Pumpkin Farm game helps students practice the math concept of plot coordinates. Students place twelve pumpkins on their grid and take turns guessing the location of their partner’s pumpkins.

Or the Pumpkin Seed Math Mat:

a pumpkin math math mat

This seasonal mat uses two pumpkins of different sizes to model addition problems. Using dice, pumpkin seeds, and the mat, students will write and solve their own number sentences.

Or Pumpkin Coordinate Graphing

a coordinate grid with a jack o lantern in the middle

Introduce coordinate graphing skills and create this silly jack-o-lantern.

Do you have a favorite pumpkin math activity you like to use in your classroom? Share in the comments below.

Also, check out 31 Fun Educational Halloween Games for the Classroom.

Best Pumpkin Math Activities for Grades K–3